Wednesday, June 26, 2024

Prebiotics Vs Probiotics For Baby

Why Is Some Bacteria Beneficial

Prebiotics vs Probiotics: What Are Prebiotics? | Enfamil

The good bacteria that are in your digestive tract will help to protect you from harmful bacteria and fungi.

Studies on bacteria in the gut have confirmed that a wide variety of this kind of good bacteria can help with immune system functions, improve symptoms of depression, and help to manage obesity, as well as other benefits.

Some of your gut bacteria also form vitamin K and short-chain fatty acids. Short-chain fatty acids are the main nutrient source of the cells that line the colon. They help to promote a strong gut barrier that will help to keep out the harmful substances, viruses, and bacteria. This will also help to reduce inflammation in the body.

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How Can Prebiotics Help Infants Especially Those Who Do Not Have Access To Human Milk

A strong immune system is your bodys defence against various illnesses and diseases and can go a long way in keeping you healthy. The programming of this begins early when the baby is yet to be born. The first two years of an infants life is the most crucial period in the development of a healthy immune system. During this period, breast milk is the sole source of nutrition and contains components which supports the development, maturity and training of a healthy resilient immune system. Prebiotic Oligosaccharides also known as Human Milk Oligosaccharides is the largest group of components of breast milk, which supports Immune System Development. There have been almost 1000 oligosaccharide structures which have been found in breast milk out of which only 164 have been identified and described with respect to their function and molecular structure.

Benefits Of Probiotic Supplements For Babies

Theres still a lot of research that needs to be done on giving probiotics to infants, says Carrie Kaufmann, a pediatric nurse practitioner at Stanford Childrens Health in Palo Alto, California, adding that she doesnt see it as a necessary supplement for every baby.

There are some cases where a probiotic supplement may be beneficial, though, including:

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Search Methods For Identification Of Studies

A literature search regardless of language was conducted on electronic databases including The Cochrane CENTRAL Register for Controlled Trials , EMBASE , Scopus , EBSCO host , PUBMED / MEDLINE , OVID , SPORTDiscus , Web of Science , Science Direct , CINAHL , Science citation index , Latin American Caribbean Health Sciences literature , NLMGateway . RCTs published in non-English language journals were translated by independent translators who were familiar with the subject matter. The search strategy used to search PUBMED is shown below. This search strategy was modified to search other electronic databases.

AND AND AND NOT AND Limits: Humans.

We also conducted a hand search on abstracts of major conference proceedings such as the Pediatric Academic Society meetings from 1990 , cross checked references cited in RCTs and in recent reviews for additional studies not identified by electronic searches and specialty journals which were not included in any database such as Pediatrika and Chinese Journal of Microecology.

Health Tips For Promoting Good Gut Health

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A diet rich in prebiotics and probiotics is the best and most natural way to keep the balance in your gut flora. So you must try to eat more of these gut-healthy foods.

However, you can also take prebiotic or probiotic supplements if you feel youre not getting enough from dietary sources.

Whether you want to correct specific imbalances or are experiencing digestive symptoms, such as a leaky gut, talk to your doctor about taking prebiotics and probiotics.

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Gut Microbiota And Immunity

The relationship between the lymphatic system and gut microbiota in early stages of life is crucial to the appropriate development of interactions between mucosal cell communities and systemic immunomodulation . Animals with a sterile gut have been proven to be highly vulnerable to infections, which demonstrate the important role that gut microbiota plays in the immune system .

Bacterial colonization of the newborns gut is influenced by a variety of factors such as gestation and delivery and breast-feeding mode . HBM is an excellent continuous source of commensal bacteria for the infant gut. Evidence has been provided of a vertical transfer of bacteria from mother to child via breast milk . The fact that facultative anaerobic bacteria in newborns gut are the predominant bacterial community in HBM microbiota is not a chance. These bacteria play a key role in the prevention of infections in the newborn . Gut microbiota disorders in the first stages of life reportedly precede the development of atopy .

Best Baby Formula With Prebiotics & Probiotics: The Ultimate 2022 Guide

57 hours of research 6 minute read

” Consideration for eye and brain development should be a critical componet in a parent’s baby-formula decision making process. “

When it comes to the babys health, parents hate the word added in infant formulas. Synthetic additives in baby formulas are poison for infant health. In the case of prebiotics and probiotics, addition is a good sign as it usually helps to balance babies digestive system.

Prebiotics and probiotics are healthy buzzwords. These tiny bacteria are essential for building up your babys microbiome.

But what exactly are prebiotics and probiotics? Should you give them to your little one? Keep reading to explore what makes these digestive superheroes good for your babys health. Let’s start by taking a quick look at the Infant Microbiome.

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When A Probiotic Supplement May Be Useful

People all over the world have consumed probiotics for thousands of years, many of which are deeply rooted in ancient cultures, including kefir, kimchi, kombucha, miso, pickled vegetables, sauerkraut, and yogurt. For most healthy people, a probiotic supplement is not necessary, but there aresome conditions that may have been improved by increasing specific species of probiotics. These conditions include:

  • Conditions that require treatment with antibiotics, which can kill good bacteria along with the bad
  • Intolerance to lactose in dairy products
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Some cases of chronic constipation

Its important to talk to a health care provider or registered dietitian before choosing to take a supplemental probiotic. Specific conditions are often best treated by specific probiotic strains, and a medical professional can help determine which probiotic supplement is best.

While there is scientific evidence that indicates using probiotic supplements may be beneficial for certain people and a few GI conditions, there is only a little bit of data about the benefit of probiotic supplements in most people. The evidence so far shows that taking probiotics is most useful for:

  • Prevention of C diff infection in patients taking antibiotics
  • Prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in pre-term infants
  • Management of inflammatory bowel disease-related pouchitis

Getting Prebiotics & Probiotics From Food

Real Moms, Real Experiences: Prebiotics vs. Probiotics

Once your baby is around 6 months old, you will begin introducing some solid foods to their diet. Some parents start earlier, around 4 months, and some start closer to 8 months. That’s an individual choice, so do what feels right for you and your baby! Once solids are introduced, your baby will be getting prebiotic and probiotic sources from different things. Prebiotics occur in many fruits and vegetables, including apples, bananas, onions, and garlic .

Probiotics can be found in yogurt and many fermented foods. When introducing a baby to yogurt, it’s a good idea to skip the high-sugar, flavored varieties, at least at first. Offering your baby some plain or Greek full fat yogurt can be a good starting place. If it’s too bitter for the baby, try to blend in some homemade applesauce, or a mashed up banana or avocado, which will naturally sweeten the yogurt.

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome And Constipation: Treatment

There has been a single published RCT of the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in children. LGG reduced abdominal distension and discomfort in a group of 50 pediatric patients over a 6-week study period. Response to therapy was recorded and collected on a weekly basis by using the Digestive Symptom Rating Scale. Various probiotics were shown to be helpful in several other RCTs of treatment of IBS in adults.,, One published RCT addressed the use of probiotics or a placebo as adjunct therapy to a stool softener to treat functional constipation in 84 children. LGG was not an effective adjunct to lactulose in treating constipation in children. Thus, probiotics may be of benefit in children with IBS on the basis of a single RCT, but a recommendation for them use cannot be made without further confirmatory studies. Probiotics cannot be recommended at this time for treatment of constipation.

Evidence On Prevention Of Atopic Dermatitis

The pioneering study using Lactobacillus GG probiotic supplementation in pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, and infants at high risk of allergy, demonstrated a reduced prevalence of early AD in children compared to the control group . Noteworthy, specific Toll-like receptor genetic variations were associated with the protection of eczema by two probiotic strains , suggesting that individual genetic factors might influence the efficacy and outcome of probiotic supplementation .

Table 2 shows details of published RCTs on this topic, with several studies supporting , while others providing no evidence , for recommending probiotics in primary prevention of atopic disease.

Two other meta-analyses published in 2015 documented a clear benefit of probiotics only for primary prevention of eczema but did not report significant preventive effects of any other allergic manifestations . Zuccotti et al. analyzed 17 studies and found that probiotics supplementation was associated with a significantly lower relative risk for developing eczema compared with placebo , and the most pronounced effect was obtained in particular when heterogeneous mixtures of probiotic strains were used .

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Inferred Functional Changes Related To Infant Health

We analyzed the function of the intestinal microbes related to the health of infants and found that, in terms of the abundance of bacteria associated with pneumonia, both the supplemented formula and the standard formula were different from the breastfeeding groups . Interestingly, the supplemented formula group was very close to the breastfeeding group in terms of ureolysis . This suggests that prebiotics and OPO might improve parts of the function of the gut microbiota of formula-fed infants, bringing it closer to the effects of breast milk.

Figure 5 Analysis of the function of intestinal bacteria that affect newborns health. Relative abundance of intestinal bacteria related to septicemia in three groups. Relative abundance of intestinal bacteria related to ureolysis in three groups. fs, supplemented formula group f, standard formula group m, breastfeeding group . * ** ns, no significant.

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If Your Baby Has Colic

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Colic is defined as three or more hours of crying per day on three or more days of the week for a period of three weeks in an otherwise healthy, well-fed infant, says Kaufmann, adding that some research has found that probiotics may decrease crying duration in colicky babies.

If youre looking to prevent colic in the first place, she adds, theres no reason to give your baby a probiotic supplementthere is currently no evidence to support probiotic use as a helpful tool.

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How Do Prebiotic Fibres In Human Milk Help Build Immunity

It is a lesser known fact that gut is the largest immune organ. About 60-70 per cent of the immune cells of the body are located in the gut. Different bacteria present in the gut are important controllers of the gut immune system and in this way indirectly the whole immune system. Prebiotic oligosaccharides found in breast milk act as food for the good bacteria thereby helping with their growth and proper functioning of the immune system. Increase in the number and activity of these good bacteria helps decrease the growth of pathogens in the babys gut and protects them from various illnesses such as infections. Prebiotics also boosts immunity by binding to the infectious bacteria and killing them. Further, they also help create a balance in the inflammatory responses thereby preventing allergy but also other inflammation related diseases such as eczema and asthma.

Prevention Of Necrotizing Enterocolitis In Low Birth Weight Neonates

A newborn’s gut is sterile at birth, with bacterial colonization beginning shortly after birth.,, Preterm infants frequently have delayed and aberrant acquisition of the normal digestive microflora, possibly because of restricted enteral feedings and frequent use of antibiotic therapy., Delayed enteral feeding, frequent use of antibiotic therapy, and altered acquisition of normal digestive microflora are believed to be primary contributing factors for the increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants, and is the rationale for probiotic supplements.

Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection

There is a modest and encouraging benefit in published RCT results for probiotics used as adjunctive therapy for H pylori gastritis in adults. One RCT in children has been published, and the results demonstrated that the probiotics-supplemented treatment group had better H pylori eradication than did the placebo group . The adverse effects of diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting in both the placebo and probiotic treatment group did not differ significantly. Thus, probiotics may be of some benefit in the eradication of H pylori in children, but more studies are required.

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Consult With Your Childs Healthcare Provider

There isnât solid evidence that formula with probiotics provides the claimed nutritional and health benefits. However, there also isnât evidence that formula with probiotics is harmful for newborns. Due to the uncertainty and ongoing state of research, itâs recommended that you speak with your childâs healthcare provider before adding extra probiotics to their diet.

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Does Consuming Prebiotic Formula Milk Lead To Any Side

Prebiotics vs Probiotics

Mothers milk is best for infants, but if a mother is unable to breastfeed her baby, formula milk with added prebiotics could be considered. The special mixture of GOS:FOS in 9:1 ratio is the most researched prebiotic for infants. There are over 30 clinical trials & more than 55 publications in renowned international journals showing its safety in infants. Further, this ingredient has received a safe status for its use not only in normal infants born at term but also for infants born preterm by USFDA and European Food Safety Authority . Globally, formula with prebiotic GOS:FOS has been used for more than 20 years now.

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The Role Probiotics Play In Your Health

Up until the past few years, scientists in the medical profession paid little attention to the colonies of bacteria that live in the lower gut. Today, we know maintaining a healthy balance of good versus bad bacteria is important because people with more beneficial bacteria are less likely to suffer from a wide range of diseases and conditions.

Once GI experts realized there is more to the lower gut than first assumed, the push to understand the diverse roles these bacteria play became urgent. Many mysteries still need solving, but clinical evidence increasingly indicates that people in good health should optimize lower gut bacteria. You can accomplish this by eating prebiotics to encourage the growth of your existing gut microbes, and probiotics to add to the ones that are already there.

The science on what probiotics do is still emerging. There is some hard evidence that suggests eating probiotic foods and supplements can have a beneficial effect on health. Other evidence suggests probiotics benefits are limited to those individuals in good health and should be avoided by those who suffer from certain serious health conditions. There is no research that demonstrates the risks or the benefits of probiotic supplements on children.

Yogurt and supplements arent the only places you can find probiotics. More foods that contain probiotics include:

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Prebiotic And Probiotic Supplements

Probiotics are also in dietary supplements and some beauty products. Dietary supplements labeled as probiotics contain a wide variety of microorganisms and amounts. Any health benefits of the product depend on the specific microorganisms, not the number it contains.

The Food and Drug Administration regulates probiotics as a dietary supplement, food ingredient, or drug. If sold as a dietary supplement, probiotics do not require FDA approval before a manufacturer can market them. Products marketed as a drug have to meet stricter requirements for FDA approval as safe and effective.

Be sure to check with your doctor before adding any dietary supplement to your diet, especially if you have a health issue. If you have a serious underlying health condition, your doctor can help monitor any changes while you are taking probiotics.

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Prebiotin Fiber Complements Probiotics Perfectly

If you want to take advantage of the benefits of probiotics and you also want to make sure the beneficial bacteria you already have is optimized to its full potential, supplement your probiotic regimen with Prebiotin. A trained microbiologist cannot tell you which probiotics are the best ones to choose, so why try to do something you are not trained to do? Eat lots of foods with prebiotics in them and take a prebiotic supplement like Prebiotin. Its the best thing you can do to maximize the benefits of both prebiotics and probiotics on the bacteria in your gut, and your overall good gut health.

Finally, there is a great deal of good research being done on probiotics. Keep tuned as interesting things may be happening.

Combined Prebiotics And Probiotics To Prevent Allergy

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Clinical benefit in preventing allergic diseases by co-therapy with probiotics and prebiotics in pregnant women and their infants was demonstrated in an RCT in Finland. A total of 1223 pregnant women who had been identified to deliver infants who would be at high risk of atopic disease because of parental atopic disease history were randomly assigned to be given a mixture of 4 probiotic strains plus GOS or placebo daily for 2 to 4 weeks before delivery. After delivery, their infants then either received the same probiotic mixture plus GOS or the same placebo as the mother. Probiotic/prebiotic treatment showed no effect on the cumulative occurrence of allergic diseases but tended to reduce immunoglobulin Eassociated diseases . Probiotic and prebiotic treatment reduced the occurrence of eczema and atopic eczema . Confirmatory studies are necessary.

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